What Causes Infertility in Women?

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Many women around the world face infertility; there are approximately one in ten women who face this problem. Also, around 5% of couples worldwide have an unsolved problem with infertility. About one-third or 40% of all infertility cases are due to female infertility.

Are you suffering from this problem as well? Do you think that you are infertile but are unaware of the reason? 

Remember, female infertility can be challenging to diagnose. Some reasons could also be a combination of factors. Here, we are going to discuss the factors that cause infertility in most women.

For women, there might be several conditions and factors that cause infertility:


Your age is the most critical factor in determining a healthy and successful pregnancy. When you turn 35, your egg’s quality and quantity reduce, declining your chances of a successful pregnancy.

Studies have shown that at the age of 35, a woman’s chance of getting pregnant naturally is only 10%, in comparison to a 25-year-old woman who has a 30% chance.

Irregular ovulation (menstrual cycle)

You might be more familiar with the term irregular periods. It is an irregular or non-periodic release of a mature egg from your ovary. Infrequent ovulation happens due to some hormonal problems or other issues such as polycystic ovarian syndrome, where you produce more male hormones and do not ovulate regularly. 

For you to get regular periods, your follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) have to be within specific levels.

Implantation failure

You might be suffering from an implantation failure that is denying you a healthy pregnancy. It occurs when a grown embryo does not attach itself to your uterus’s wall; this might be due to problems in your uterine wall like thin endometrium, fibroids in your uterus, endometriosis etc. 


A blockage in your fallopian tubes prevents your egg from interacting with the sperm. Infertility is also associated with problems like sperms unable to travel from your vagina into the uterus. It is usually due to scarring, from a pelvic infection like chlamydia, an ectopic pregnancy, or you might have gone through some surgeries on fallopian tubes. 

The blockage in your fallopian tubes might be a result of developmental growths like fibroids or polyps in the uterus they can cause infertility and even miscarriages. 


Your infertility and fallopian tube blockage may be because of a condition called endometriosis. It is when a tissue that generally grows in your uterus implants and spreads in other locations.

If needs surgical or medicinal management, otherwise it can lead to scarring, blockage of your fallopian tubes and keeping your egg and sperms from coming into contact. 

Your uterus’ lining could also be at risk due to this condition. It can prevent your fertilized embryo from implanting itself into your uterus wall. Endometriosis can also affect your fertility in indirect ways, like damaging your egg.

Other problems

You may have none of the conditions but still suffer from infertility. 

Fertility can also be affected by many other factors like:

  • You have a disease like cancer, heart problems, high blood pressure or diabetes and taking chronic long time treatment
  • You had many miscarriages in a short period
  • Your egg has a quality problem
  • You smoke a lot or consume too much alcohol
  • You are overweight (obese)
  • You have genetic predispositions

The diagnosis of the real cause of infertility is only possible with a thorough examination by your doctor. So, before coming to any conclusions of your own, you should visit a doctor.

If you are under 35 and have been trying for a year, consult your doctor about taking a fertility test to find the problem and solve it. 

If you are over 35 and have been trying for 6 months, consult a doctor about getting pregnant naturally. If it does not work out, you can opt for an IVF treatment.

Remember, no matter what problems you have, regardless of your age, consult your doctor and take proper tests before making any conclusions. Infertility is a solvable problem, so do not worry. With the right guidance from a specialist, you can have the joy of becoming a mother.

1 Comment

  1. […] one-third of infertility cases are attributed to female infertility while men’s problems account for the other third of infertility […]

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